We're approaching two centuries since Joseph Nicephore Niepce made the world's first pic. And we'e enjoyed just over two decades of Photoshop. But just how long have photographers been manipulating images? The answer is easy - for as long as we've been making photographs. You don't need software to manipulate an image. You can do it right inside your camera (or for that matter inside your darkroom).
- changing lenses
- changing camera height
- changing the aspect ratio
- changing the shutter speed
- changing the aperture
- putting a filter on your camera
- moving one metre to the right
If you haven't ever had a multiple-exposure you can't really call yourself a photographer.